Closer to Home: Locating and Retrieving Indigenous Heritage from Archives Outside Canada – A Symposium
- Kelly Riley, Victoria Deleary and Brandon Graham, Chippewas of the Thames First Nation ~ Treaties, Lands & Environment Department
Colonial Chain of Command & Pre-Confederation Relationships
- Sarah Gauntlett, Archivist and Librarian, Avataq Cultural Institute
Repatriating Nunavik-Based International Archives
- Brian Carpenter, Curator of Native American Materials American Philosophical Society Accessing the Oldest Library of Indigenous Archival Materials on the Continent
- Miranda Jimmy, The Curious Case of John Hellson: Traditional Knowledge in Archival Records
- Inukshuk Aksalnik, Qikiqtani Inuit Association, Qikiqtani Truth Commission
Location: Winnipeg, MB
Closer to Home: Locating and Retrieving Indigenous Heritage from Archives Outside Canada offered Indigenous knowledge-keepers, historians, curators, archivists and others an opportunity to learn from and contribute to discussions about Indigenous archival records held in repositories outside Canada. The event was held Tuesday, March 5th and for a full day on Wednesday, March 6th. The IHC will be reporting on the content and results of the symposium in April 2019.
Co-Chairs: Angie Bain, Union of BC Indian Chiefs; Marianne McLean, Independent Scholar & Archivist
Speakers: Paulette Regan, “Bringing Home Indigenous Community Memory: A Critical Pathway of Truth and Reconciliation”; Mary Jane McCallum, TBA; Miranda Jimmy, “Curious Case of John Hellson: Traditional Knowledge in Archival Records”; Angie Bain, “Respect, Responsibility and Relationships: All the land is my house / Yémes, sʔémit, łúmuʔstn- Tékm heʔ timíxʷ łn cítxʷ”; Carmen Miedema, TBA; Victoria Deleary, Kelly Riley and Brandon Graham – Chippewas of the Thames, TBA; Inukshuk Aksalnik, QIA, The Qikiqtani Truth Commission” / ᕿᑭᖅᑕᓂ ᓱᓕᔪᒥᒃ ᑭᓪᓕᓯᓂᐊᖅᑏᑦ; Raymond Frogner, “Red Jenkinson: The Indigenous Influence on Archival Theory”; Sarah Gauntlett, Speaker; “Repatriating Nunavik-based international archives for Nunavimmiut: case studies from Avataq”; Brian Carpenter, TBA.
The symposium was funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
Parks Canada Sessions, 2018
In November 2018, the IHC participated in national engagement events led by Parks Canada. IHC directors provided input into the design and delivery of sessions in Calgary and Gatineau that also gave us a chance to hear more from First Nation, Métis and Inuit Peoples about the IHC’s goals and vision.
IHC Roundtables, 2016 and 2017
Since 2016, the IHC has also hosted two roundtables through sponsorships – one in Ottawa in November 2016 and another in Vancouver on 11 May 2017.
- The Vancouver Forum was held at the Musqueam Cultural Centre on 11 May 2017 with sponsorhip from Archer CRM Partnership and the First Peoples’ Cultural Council.
- Indigenous Heritage Circle Roundtable was held in Ottawa on November 23, 2016, in Ottawa. Participants included leaders and general members from nearby Indigenous nations, Indigenous people from other parts of Canada who live in Ottawa, and representatives of mainstream organizations (not-for-profits, government and professional). They pointed to various challenges faced in addressing grant requirements, accepting objects for repatriation, strengthening Indigenous languages, promoting Indigenous health protocols, etc.
Other Activities in 2017
- IHC directors Madeleine Redfern and Karen Aird appeared before the Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development on 28 September 2017. The committee was examining heritage preservation and protection in Canada with an emphasis on federal responsibilities. The committee’s report Preserving Canada’s Heritage: The Foundation for Tomorrow to the Minister of the Environment and Climate Change (who is the Minister responsible for Parks Canada and the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada) includes three recommendations (15, 16 and 17) targeted specifically to Indigenous heritage and history.
- The IHC was represented by Karen Aird at the congress on Indigenous Perspectives on Repatriation in March 2017 hosted by the First Peoples’ Cultural Council and the Royal BC Provincial Museum.
Other Activities in 2016
- The IHC was represented by Karen Aird at the Banff Centre’s Truth and Reconciliation Summit in October 2016.
- The 2016 conference of the National Trust and the Canadian Association of Heritage Professionals in Hamilton, ON, included a presentation by Karen Aird and Alain Fournier, EVOQ Architecture on “Indigenous Sacred Places: a New Approach”. At the same conference, Karen Aird was a guest speaker at the Indigenous Heritage and Reconciliation Forum.
Other Events, Initiatives & News
- Parks Canada, We Rise Together http://publications.gc.ca/site/eng/9.852966/publication.html. We rise together : achieving pathway to Canada target 1 through the creation of Indigenous protected and conserved areas in the spirit and practice of reconciliation : the Indigenous Circle of Experts’ report and recommendations, March 2018.
- BC Government announced a $50 M investment in Indigenous language revitalization. The First Peoples’ Cultural Council is working closely with First Nations communities throughout B.C. to help ensure Indigenous languages survive and thrive into the future. Listen now to what the B.C. language champions have to say about the new investment and language revitalization work in B.C.
- “Wanuskewin Heritage Park in running to become world heritage site.” CBC, 20 December 2017.
- Release of A New Shared Arctic Leadership Model by Mary Simon, Special Representative to the Minister of Indigenous Affairs and Northern Development on Arctic Leadership. The report responds to the federal government’s commitment to developing a new Arctic Policy Framework. Its recommendations cover several topics, including education and language, research and Indigenous knowledge and continuing the conservation discussion.
- Agreement made to preserve Sumas burial site in Abbotsford
Indigenous Heritage Organizations & Initiatives
- First Nations Confederacy of Cultural Education Centres (FNCCEC) www.fnccec.ca FNCCEC a non-
profit, national organization that leads in the promotion, protection, revitalization and maintenance of First Nations languages, cultures and traditions as given by the Creator.
- Inuit Heritage Trust www.ihti.ca The Inuit Heritage Trust is dedicated to the preservation, enrichment and protection of Inuit cultural heritage and identity embodied in Nunavut’s archaeology sites, ethnographic resources and traditional place names. The Trust’s activities are based on the principle of respect for the traditional knowledge and wisdom of our Elders.
- Indigenous Guardians Program, Indigenous Leadership Initiative www.ilinationhood.ca/our-work/guardians The Indigenous Leadership Initiative is promoting a federally funded, Indigenous-led National Indigenous Guardians Network in Canada that supports development and employment of guardians across the country. This network has generated broad support, including from the Assembly of First Nations which passed a resolution in 2015 calling for a national Guardians program.
- National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation
- www.nctr.ca The National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation (NCTR) is a place of learning and dialogue where the truths of residential school experiences are honoured and kept safe for future generations.
- Cultural Survival www.culturalsurvival.org Cultural Survival is a long-standing US-based international organization that supports Indigenous Peoples to engage international processes, national policies and human rights bodies to respect, protect, and fulfill their rights. Our organization is Indigenous-led and has a diverse board of directors bringing experiences from the Indigenous and non-Indigenous worlds to inform our perspectives and scope of work.
- IPinch: Intellectual Property Issues in Cultural Heritage www.sfu.ca/ipinch The Intellectual Property Issues in Cultural Heritage (IPinCH) project is a seven-year international research initiative based at Simon Fraser University, in British Columbia, Canada. Our work explores the rights, values, and responsibilities of material culture, cultural knowledge and the practice of heritage research. IPinCH is a collaboration of scholars, students, heritage professionals, community members, policy makers, and Indigenous organizations across the globe.The project serves as both a practical resource and a network of support for communities and researchers engaged in cultural heritage work.
- First Peoples’ Cultural Council www.fpcc.ca The First Peoples’ Cultural Council is a First Nations-run Crown Corporation with a mandate to support the revitalization of Indigenous languages, arts, culture and heritage in British Columbia. FPCC provides funding and resources to communities, monitors the status of First Nations languages and develops policy recommendations for First Nations leadership and government.
- Saskatchewan Indigenous Cultural Centre www.sicc.sk.ca The Saskatchewan Indigenous Cultural Centre (SICC) website is designed to serve as a resource for compiling and sharing information related to the language, culture, arts, history, and current affairs of the Plains Cree, Swampy Cree, Woodland Cree, Dene, Saulteaux, Dakota, Nakoda, and Lakota. It has been established to assist First Nations people, educators, students, government agencies, and the general public in gaining access to information pertaining to Saskatchewan First Nations.
- Manitoba Indigenous Cultural Centre. www.micec.com MICEC is a provincial, not-for-profit, charitable and educational organization that works to promote awareness and understanding of Indigenous culture for all Manitobans.
- Kitikmeot Heritage Society. www.kitikmeotheritage.ca The Kitikmeot Heritage Society is an Inuit non-profit organization based in Cambridge Bay, Nunavut. Since 1996, KHS has transformed local culture and education needs into a combined heritage centre, library, archives and museum dedicated to setting new standards for community-based research. KHS focuses on documenting, revitalizing, and mobilizing Inuinnait knowledge with the goal of building wellness and capacity throughout the Nunavut territory.
Indigenous Heritage Experiences
- Indigenous Walks (Ottawa) Indigenous Walks is a walk and talk through downtown Ottawa exploring landscape, architecture, art and monuments through an Indigenous perspective.
- First Story Toronto. Since 1995, First Story Toronto, (formerly The Toronto Native Community History Project), within the Native Canadian Centre of Toronto, has been engaged in researching and preserving the Indigenous history of Toronto with the goal of building awareness of and pride in the long Indigenous presence and contributions to the city.
- Wanuskewin Heritage Park. Wanuskewin Heritage Park sits above Opimihaw Creek and the South Saskatchewan River near Saskatoon – a window into a part of Canada’s history that remains largely undiscovered, and a link to our past unlike any other National Historic Site in Canada. Wanuskewin’s uniqueness is not just the fact that there exists evidence of ancient peoples, but rather the composition of many different aspects of habitation, hunting and gathering, and spirituality – all in one place.
Learn More (Short Selection)
- The International Law Research Program of the Centre for International Governance Innovation & the Wiyasiwewin Mikiwahp Native Law Centre of the University of Saskatchewan College of Law UNDRIP Implementation: Braiding International, Domestic and Indigenous Laws Collection of essays discussing how international law, domestic constitutional law and Indigenous peoples’ own laws can work together to bring about full implementation in Canada of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).
- Library and Archives Canada Aboriginal Heritage Resources Guide to tools and resources found in the holdings of Library and Archives Canada.
- “Indigenous Cultural Heritage Rights in International Human Rights Law” http://artmob.blog.yorku.ca/files/2012/01/Chap10_Ahmed_et_al.pdf by Mohsen Al Attar Ahmed, Nicole Aylwin, and Rosemary J. Coombe.
- “Wherein Lies the Heritage Value? Rethinking the Heritage Value of Cultural Landscapes from an Aboriginal Perspective.” Lisa Prosper. The George Wright Forum, vol. 24, no. 2 (2007): 117-124. At www.georgewright.org./242prosper.pdf.